In Norway where the number of electric cars has increased dramatically in recent years, there has been a lot of discussion about what to do with the car and the batteries when the day comes where the car is about to be scrapped. Will there be piles of used toxic batteries lying around, or will there be solutions to the battery problem?
Used Electric car batteries is a resource.
The major change in the car market also has consequences for those who handle cars sent for scraping. The car wreck of the future will have large battery packs, but almost everything will be recycled.
What happens to the batteries?
When the electric car is scraped, the batteries are disassembled. The battery part is removed, and then steel, plastic, copper and other materials are delivered for local recycling. Then the battery modules are delivered for recycling, for example in Germany, who has the facilities for this.
In addition to the reuse of the materials, the possibility of the actual battery module can be revamped in another plant – the so-called second life.
The battery module that has been in the car, may stand for a few years at a solar system or other type of industrial plant after it has been removed from the car.
Ever since the electric cars started to arrive, there has been skepticism in about how long the batteries in these cars will last.
We are now beginning to get experience with an increasing number of vehicles that have been driven a lot of miles, and we now have a better foundation to draw conclusions.
The Estonian taxi company Elektritakso’s electric cars has traveled 13 million electric and emission-free kilometers (8 080 000 miles) so far. They drive the Nissan Leaf, and the oldest car in the fleet has been driving a sensationally 309 000 kilometers (192 000 miles) and is still in daily operation.
Many of the taxi company’s cars have driven 260 000 kilometers (160 000 miles), and still have 70-80 percent battery capacity left.
– This is not a surprise. There was some uncertainty about electrical technology in the beginning, but eventually we found out that the electric car and technology is to be trusted. Because of the taxi business, we must charge our Leaf quite often. We have found that it is best to charge the electric cars between 20-80 percent, to protect the battery, and maintain the quality for optimum reliability and longevity, says Ermo Kontson, the owner of the taxi company.
– Currently, we are replacing old models with the new 40 Kwh Leaf model, so our drivers can drive on a single charge longer, and earn more money, said Kontson, in a press release.
In 2019, Mini will launch an
electric version called the Mini Electric. This fully electric version will be
sold alongside petrol and diesel variants. The new version will be a four-seater
like the original, but initially it will only be offered as a three-door
The car has been through cold
weather testing and Mini promises that the Mini Electric will be a nice winter
ride. The batteries lower the centre of gravity and makes it possibly even more
enjoyable to drive than petrol and diesel Minis.
The range of the Mini Electric
has not yet been confirmed, but it is expected that it will be close to the 186-mile,
or 300 kilometers, range or of the fully electric i3. The Mini Electric is
expected to have a starting price of about £26,000.
The interest is huge for the Bollinger B1. The American SUV is supposed to have a maximum range just under 200 miles or 320 kilometers with the 120-kwh battery pack. With a ground clearance of 20 inches or 51 cm, the Bollinger will make its best appearance off-road.
The B1 comes with two battery pack options. A 60-kwh battery pack that gives you a range of 120 miles or 193 kilometers, or a 12-kwh battery pack that gives you a range of 200 miles or 320 kilometers. It has to electric engines that provides 360 horsepower’s to all four wheels. It is equipped with the same hydro pneumatic system for level control as the French made Citroën introduced in the 50’s.
The Bollinger company claims that they have produced the world’s first fully electric 4-weel drive. “sport Utility truck”. In 2014 a group of SUV-lovers came together in the northern part of the state of New York with a common goal, to create the Bollinger B1.
The car or the car to be, seems to be a success so far. More than 19 000
reservations have been made on the car. The price is not yet to be known, but
is probably going to be released this fall. The mass production is going to
start next year with the first deliveries from 2020.
We are really looking forward to seeing this car on the road.
China is by far the biggest manufacturer of electric cars. There are 487 Chinese electric automakers and still counting.
China has a very proactive policy towards how many electric cars they want on the road in the future, and they are subsidizing this growing number of electric car companies with a lot of money. So it is no surprise that the electric car companies are popping up like mushrooms all over the country.
In June, a 47-billion-dollar
fund was announced for electric vehicles, and other high-tech industries by the
China Construction bank, and the National Development and Reform Commission.
This adds up to the total of 15 billion dollars in regional government funding in
the past five years.
With so many manufacturers of electric cars, there is going to be some pretty hard competition. Not only will the companies compete against each other. They will also compete against much bigger and more well-established companies like Hyundai, Nissan, Volkswagen, BMW, Mercedes-Benz etc. BMW, Volvo, and Mercedes-Benz already have factories in China. Tesla is on its way.
Last year around 770.000 electric vehicles were sold in China. That is almost half of the total sale worldwide. Some of the car companies will make it and some want. Examples of electric car makers that seem to make it in the competition and is spoken about in Europe and USA is Byton, NIO, and Singulato.
of 400 kilowatts extreme chargers that can be connected straight to the high
voltage grid is in progress.
In near future new electric cars will be able to charge with an effect up to 150 kilowatts. This is three times more than what is possible today. But chargers that can deliver up to 350 kilowatts is already on its way. Porsche Taycan will probably be the first car that can take maximum advantage of this. More cars will follow in near future.
NEXTGEN CHARGING is one of these charging stations soon to be opened in Fredericia Denmark
But it does not end here. A project is on its way to develop
chargers that can deliver 400 kilowatts. These chargers can be connected
straight to the high voltage grid. If you connect to these chargers, a full
charge should not take any longer than filling up a diesel car.
The technology is called XFC – eXtreme Fast Charging – and is developed in cooperation with General Motors among others. The Goal is to be able to charge the batteries to a range equivalent to 290 kilometers or 180 miles in 10 minutes.
This will require development of a
new type of power transformer. A solid-state transformer (SST) This transformer
will save space because The SST transformer can transform high-voltage AC power
to low-voltage DC power without advanced electronics.
This technology will be the basis for XFC-chargers. The Goal will be to develop a charger which has an efficiency of 96,5 percent from the grid to the vehicle. It will have a weight that is one quarter of a normal charger and is half as big.
The XFC-charger will also be able to receive
high-voltage DC power, so that it can be connected directly to a battery and
reduce the load on the high-voltage grid.
The advantage will be that you don’t need big transformer
stations to make fast chargers. Today high-voltage power must be transformed to
low-voltage, before it transfers to rectifiers in the charger.
Don’t trust what the commercials say when it comes to range on electric cars.
It’s very important that you know which measurement standard the manufacture has used when you check the range.
The old NEDC standard is a very optimistically and misleading estimate on the range, and does not fit any of the electric cars very well.
NEDC means New European Driving Cycle and was last updated in 1997, long before the electric car was heavy on the marked like today. The meaning of the NEDC standard is to estimate fuel economics and emissions of cars. This basically means fuel consumption.
The NEDC standard was originally made for measuring fossil fuels, but is also used to measure power consumption and range of electric cars
A new standard is here
Say hello to Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure, shortened to WLTP. This is the new world standard and will give you a much more accurate entry of range on electric cars. In September 2018, one year after its release all manufactures of electric cars is forced to use this standard.
This standard also replaces the American EPA standard which is a little bit more accurate than the NEDC but far from as good as the WLTP.
Ladetour 2018 was held in Norway at the weekend of 24th – 26th of August.
Ladetour in Norwegian means charging tour, and is described as “this year’s most beautiful electric car adventure” The charging developer and operator Fortum Charge & Drive was the organizer of the event.
There were 70 participants divided into 40 cars.
The convoy of electric cars started from Tøyen in Oslo on Friday, and went through Østerdalen to Røros. Then the tour went through Rondane and Hafjell, on Saturday before they went back to Oslo on Sunday. At the end of the tour they had traveled over 900 kilometers or 560 miles.
The Tour is arranged for electric car drivers, but the agenda is to get non-electric car drivers to open their eyes and to take an interest in electric driving.
Before the 40 electric cars left the Ladetour-kickoff in Oslo, several speeches were held. One of the speakers was The General Secretary of the Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association Christina Bu.
– It is often talked about how important the Norwegian electric car policy has been for the success of electric cars in Norway. This is of course an important part of the success, but it has been little communication about the importance of the electric car drivers themselves. They show that it is also possible to drive all over the place with a car with zero submission, she said
At the same time, she delivered a request to both the organizer Fortum, and other developers of the charging network I Norway:
– The politicians have decided a zero-emission goal for new cars by 2025. This means that we are increasing the number of electric cars from 170.000 to more than one million in under seven years. The biggest barrier to succeeding is the lack of charging stations.
One of the big issues with electric cars has been the publics fear of the batteries going bad after a short period of time, and that the pile of used batteries will grow.
Many people pictured big mountains of used and defect batteries, and used this as an argument against the electric car being useful and climate friendly.
They were wrong.
We have heard many examples of electric cars going hundreds of thousands of kilometers by now, but the Tesla Model S belonging to an American dude, who has driven his car 675.000 kilometers or 420.000 miles since 2013 is a new world record, and the car still has over 80 percent of its capacity left.
Are you an electric car enthusiast, but find it hard to combine it with your love of camping? Fear not! The solution might be right around the corner.
The caravan producer Dethleffs has presented a caravan made especially for use with an electric car. The new wonder is called E.Home Coco. Instead of towing a caravan weighing over 900 kilos, the caravan has a lithium battery in the floor and an engine connected to each wheel so that the car now is towing a mere 100 kilos. This opens up the possibility of pulling the caravan with an electric car.
One of the more genius aspects of this caravan, is that it can help you at the camp site. The E.Home Coco can use its own power to maneuver into place. If you want, you can even use a smartphone app to park it into the camping space.
The combination of a battery and solar panels on the roof can also be quite useful while camping. This should give you enough power for running electrical equipment like LED lighting and air conditioning and heating. Of course, it is also possible to charge the battery by connecting it to a power supply.
Production has not yet started, but the company plan on testing it in spring 2019. Hopefully, the caravan will prove to be as amazing and practical as we hope, and Dethleffs can start production of the E.Home Coco soon.